Snake Gourd is an open-pollinated gourd variety that produces long, slender gourds that resemble a snake. These cylindrical gourds are light green with pale-green to white stripes, and they mature to a light brown color. Plants produce solid yields of 48″ long by 6″ wide fruits. Plants produce large vines and should be given plenty of space to grow. Plants can be grown along the ground or trellised. Trellised plants will tend to produce straighter fruits, while non-trellised plants will tend to produce more curled fruits.
Gourds may be direct seeded or transplanted, although we highly recommend direct seeding. To ensure a good stand, we recommend planting seeds every 12″ along the intended row. Once plants emerge, thin plants to one every 2 feet. Gourds can be susceptible to plant diseases like downy mildew and powdery mildew if leaves receive excess moisture. As a result, we recommend using drip irrigation on winter squash to reduce plant moisture and feed plants more effectively. During periods of heavy rainfall, using a fungicide like Liquid Copper can help to alleviate disease pressure as well.
Gourds are a crop that will produce a one-time harvest at the end of the growing season. They should be harvested when plants die back and the fruits obtain their full color. Stem hardness is also an indication of fruit maturity. Once stems harden, fruits are ready for harvest using a set of pruning shears. Once gourds are harvested, remove the plants from the garden to prevent any fungal spores from overwintering and becoming a problem in future years. Proper crop rotation is extremely important with all gourd varieties to reduce disease and pest pressure.
Snake Gourd Planting Information
Planting Method: direct seed
When to Plant: after last frost
Planting Depth: 1/2″
Seed Spacing: 18-24″
Row Spacing: 5-6′
Days to Maturity: 125
Disease Resistance: None