Serrano Pepper is a finger-shaped pepper that’s similar to a Jalapeno with slightly more heat. Serrano has a great flavor when chopped and eaten fresh as a taco topping. It also makes a great component of any fresh garden salsa. Plants are typically 2-3′ tall and produce loads of 3″ fruits that are similar to a jalapeno in wall thickness, but are more slender. Fruits will initially be green and have a mild flavor. If left on the plant, they will mature to a deep red color with intensified flavor and heat. Once red and dried, Serrano Pepper makes excellent chipotles for homemade hot sauces. They also perform well when pickled into pepper rings for salads, sandwiches and more.
Peppers are in the nightshade family along with tomatoes and eggplant. Plants in the nightshade family are susceptible to blossom end rot, which is a result of a calcium deficiency. To prevent or alleviate this problem, apply pelleted gypsum at the base of the plant at bloom set. Peppers do best when transplanted, as the germination time can be longer than most vegetable seed. Peppers grow very well in our heavy-duty seed starting trays. Plants should be started 4-6 weeks before the intended outdoor planting date. If conditions outside are favorable, transplants may be planted directly from our 162 cell trays. If conditions are still too cold for planting peppers, transplants may be “stepped-up” to 4″ pots to allow more room to grow. Peppers can produce heavy fruits and will require some form of support to keep the plant upright. We recommend using the Florida Weave trellising technique that involves using stakes and twine along the row. This ensures that plants and fruits stay off the ground, reducing the possibility of disease and keeping fruits clean.
Serrano Pepper Planting Information
Planting Method: transplant
When to Plant: after last frost
Planting Depth: 1/4″
Seed Spacing: 2′
Row Spacing: 3-4′
Days to Maturity: 60
Disease Tolerance: None