Nero Shallot is a hybrid shallot variety that produces traditional, round, or globe-shaped bulbs. These shallots are 1.5″ to 2″ in diameter and have a red to copper skin color with white flesh. This is a long to intermediate day variety that matures in 90 to 120 days. Nero Shallot is known for its great storage ability once cured properly. While shallots prefer plenty of water, this variety is noted to perform well in drier climates.
Shallots have a milder flavor than onions and are great to use when preparing soups and sauces. They can be left whole or sliced. They have an excellent taste when cooked but can also be consumed raw in salads, salsas, and other raw preparations. Cured shallots will store for several months and can be used as needed when kept in a dry, cool climate. In addition to the bulb, shallot greens may also be harvested for garnish or to add flavor to soups and sauces.
Much like onions and garlic, shallots are heavy feeders and require plenty of water and fertilizer. Shallots should be given at least 1″ of water per week for best results. We suggest fertilizing with a complete fertilizer like our 20-20-20 initially to promote root development and then switching to nitrogen and sulfur-based fertilizer like our Ammonium Sulfate. Shallots will grow best when competition with weeds is reduced. Keep weeds at a minimum with frequent shallow cultivation.
Shallots are ready to harvest when the majority of the tops begin to bend and collapse. Pull the shallots from the soil and allow them to “cure” in the sun for a couple of days. If rain is imminent, move them to a dry area. Once cured, place shallots in a cool, dry area that is well-ventilated. A pole barn or a ventilated storage basement is sufficient.
Nero Shallot Planting Information
When to Plant: In zones 4-10, plant in fall and overwinter for best results. They may also be planted in spring, but bulbs will usually not get as large. Ideal shallot planting dates per zone are below:
- Zone 4 – mid-September
- Zone 5 – early October
- Zone 6 – mid-October
- Zone 7 – early November
- Zone 8 – mid-November
Planting Depth: Plant shallot bulbs with root end facing the soil and the tapered end facing the sun. Cover the shallot bulb with soil except for the very tip.
Seed Spacing: Plant shallots 4-6″ apart. Shallots spaced farther apart will tend to multiply, while shallots planted closer together will produce single bulbs.
Row Spacing: Shallots may be planted on single rows as close as 1-2′ apart, but also perform well when planted on double rows with drip irrigation in the middle.