Jalapeno Pepper is one of the most common inhabitants of vegetable gardens all over the world. This popular pepper has a moderate heat and robust flavor which make it perfect for a wide range of applications in the kitchen. Plants will grow to 3-4′ tall and produce thick-walled fruits that are 3-4″ long. If left on the plant, fruits will mature from green to red. Red jalapeños, which are also called “chipotles”, are more flavorful than the green fruits. As will all hot peppers, the level of heat will be primarily determined by the amount of water the plant receives. Jalapeno pepper plants that experience extended periods of drought will be much hotter than those that are well-watered.
Peppers are in the nightshade family along with tomatoes and eggplant. Plants in the nightshade family are susceptible to blossom end rot, which is a result of a calcium deficiency. To prevent or alleviate this problem, apply pelleted gypsum at the base of the plant at bloom set. Peppers do best when transplanted, as the germination time can be longer than most vegetable seed. Peppers grow very well in our heavy-duty seed starting trays. Plants should be started 4-6 weeks before the intended outdoor planting date. If conditions outside are favorable, transplants may be planted directly from our 162 cell trays. If conditions are still too cold for planting peppers, transplants may be “stepped-up” to 4″ pots to allow more room to grow. Peppers can produce heavy fruits and will require some form of support to keep the plant upright. We recommend using the Florida Weave trellising technique that involves using stakes and twine along the row. This ensures that plants and fruits stay off the ground, reducing the possibility of disease and keeping fruits clean.
Jalapeno Pepper Planting Information
Planting Method: transplant
When to Plant: after last frost
Planting Depth: 1/4″
Seed Spacing: 2′
Row Spacing: 3-4′
Days to Maturity: 60
Disease Tolerance: None