Algonquian Squash is an open-pollinated, heirloom winter squash variety that was originally grown by the Abenaki Native Americans in New England. This Native American heirloom produces heavy-yield of elongated fruits that are sweet and savory. Plants have a semi-bush growing habit and don’t require as much room as traditional winter squash varieties. The elongated fruits average 3-5 lbs. and will initially be green and resemble an overgrown zucchini. Fruits are ready to harvest when the bottom starts to turn orange. They will continue to turn completely orange in storage. This is a Cucurbita pepo variety that usually stores for 2-3 months. Algonquian Squash is great for roasting, savory soups and even making pies.
Algonquian Squash may be direct-seeded or transplanted, although we highly recommend direct seeding. To ensure a good stand, we recommend planting seeds every 12″ along the intended row. Once plants emerge, thin plants to one every 2 feet. Winter Squash can be susceptible to plant diseases like downy mildew and powdery mildew if leaves receive excess moisture. As a result, we recommend using drip irrigation on winter squash to reduce plant moisture and feed plants more effectively. During periods of heavy rainfall, using a fungicide like Liquid Copper can help to alleviate disease pressure as well.
Winter Squash is a crop that will produce a one-time harvest at the end of the growing season. They should be harvested when plants die back and the fruits obtain their full color. Stem hardness is also an indication of fruit maturity. Once stems harden, fruits are ready for harvest using a set of pruning shears. Winter Squash can be stored in a cool, dry place for several months, depending on variety and sugar content. Once fruits are harvested, remove the plants from the garden to prevent any fungal spores from overwintering and becoming a problem in future years. Proper crop rotation is extremely important with all pumpkin varieties to reduce disease and pest pressure.
Algonquian Squash Planting Information
Planting Method: direct seed
When to Plant: after last frost
Planting Depth: 1/2″
Seed Spacing: 18-24″
Row Spacing: 5-6′
Days to Maturity: 100
Disease Resistance: None